Plasma assisted hydrogen generation from water; Projected to serve on-demand scalable stationary and mobile utilization with fuel cell, combustion and life support systems; Under highest energy efficiency employing LENR exothermic effect; Hope Cell can be adapted to many existing devices and utilities which already consist of significant technical and capital input while minimizing need for grid or expensive hydrogen infrastructure, therefore bridging the gap of technology in transition from the 20th to the 21st century; Transition from hydrocarbon fuels to hydrogen technological solutions.
Robert presented Hope Cell Technology
Excerpt from speech given on GREEN LEADERS SUMMIT 2013 – Sydney, Australia
The world is now at a turning point in planning its energy provision for the future, as the industrial growth, and climate change effects of global warming have to be addressed.
There are schools of thought that picture a Hydrogen Economy based on combustion, while others see domination of fuel cells as the principal energy vector for the future.
Hydrogen powered cars are rolling out of production lines as we speak, where the combustion emission side effect is pure water.
Fuel cell technology which uses hydrogen in a clean electrochemical process to generate electricity is currently well advanced for stationary and mobile applications.
Hydrogen is the most common element in the universe and there is compelling logic that leads us all to believe that surely this gas can provide an almost limitless source of energy for the world.
However, chemical activity and the physical properties of hydrogen make its isolation a highly energy-intensive process.
Nearly all the hydrogen currently manufactured in the world is through the steam reforming of hydrocarbons, process that has low energy conversion efficiency and results to rapidly growing number of 8.8 billion tons of carbon being emitted annually – this is data from 2009 by Royal Society of Chemistry.
Necessity to heat the enormous catalyst inside the steam reformer to the high working temperature average of 8000C, spends large amounts of energy in order to operate.
8.8 billion Tonnes of carbon emitted in the atmosphere are devastating result of the anticipated “clean energy” usage.
We cannot seriously think of kick-starting Hydrogen Economy without addressing this first obstacle.
Hope Cell 2013 – testing setup
Excerpt from speech given on GREEN LEADERS SUMMIT 2013 – Sydney, Australia
In an ideal world, hydrogen would be made available through the splitting of water into its constituent elements, drawing on renewable energy sources.
Such a process would be both sustainable and carbon neutral.
Hydrogen bond with oxygen in water makes an extremely strong connection. The splitting of water via conventional means is a highly energy intensive process – we basically need much more energy to produce hydrogen, than we can claim back through combustion or electrochemistry.
The enormous energy waste comes with the price tag of the final product, which cannot compete with traditional fuel, and this is the major problem with existing technologies.
One of the main problems associated with hydrogen production through the energy conversion process from a chemical point of view, is kinetic limitation.
The conclusion would be that we have to change physical properties of the medium, in order to efficiently generate hydrogen from it.
Hope Cell Technology represents a pioneering path to the new technology of extracting hydrogen from water, or hydrocarbon medium via an energy efficient method.
The name Hope Cell stands for hydrogen oxygen plasma energy cell.
The Hope Cell design is based on several scientific research principles which have shown results of hydrogen generation in excess of more than 300% better efficiency compared to electrolysis.
Those experiments have had several major limitations. Impressive results were only achieved in the spontaneous bursts for short periods of time, they were not repeatable, and were without any usable viability.
How is Hope Cell addressing these issues?
Hope Cell applies plasma in order to provide the optimal temperature range and eliminate kinetic limitations. In addition, plasma changes the state of matter where physical properties align in the favour of hydrogen isolation. Unique plasma management methods overcome problems of unpredictable intermittent operation.
Hydrogen generation results in affordable, user friendly, viable conversion of energy.
Hope Cell has been designed to trigger and enhance hydrogen exothermal reaction, which happens under certain conditions, where surface spot temperatures on a nano dimensional scale reach over 30000C.
This additional, highly energised emission, results in elevated atomic hydrogen isolation by syncing into molecular dipole frequency, where breakage of cluster bonds is initiated and maintained in a run-off process.
The result is the most advanced energy efficiency – several times higher, compared to technologies used today. It represents a practical break–through in the vision of using “0” carbon emissions in order to produce hydrogen as an energy source and energy carrier.
Such a reaction has recently been recognized through published papers from NASA – American space agency, which prove that the effect has been constantly researched since the 1990s. It has been labelled as a Low Energy Nuclear Reaction.
It is a fact that a great amount of research and development, followed by an even bigger amount of capital, has been invested toward atomic mechanism research by the military and civilian nuclear energy development. Now, it is time to admit – there are parts of the atomic mechanisms which were missed.
NASA just recently received a US government grant to further research and apply Low Energy Nuclear Reaction to propulsion engines on planes. http://nari.arc.nasa.gov/2013
A fortnight after my patent was granted, the US Navy research body had been granted a patent which uses technology for transmuting radioactive waste. US8419919 B1
At the moment, a handful of private institutions and researches in the world are claiming R&D on excessive heat of the process and independent evaluations are taking place.
Hope Cell went one step further and is introducing clean hydrogen production. Clean energy development is now becoming a reality through this weak atomic force phenomena implementation.
The Hope Cell method demonstrates over-unity in achieved energy efficiency compared to electrolysis or steam reforming and will be proportionally reflected by lowering the final price of the product. It’s becoming the most competitive energy solution available.
When coupled with alternative energy sources, such as wind, solar or hydroelectric power generation, becoming the “0” carbon energy solution for on-demand usage.
What has been achieved so far in the development process?
This unique concept has been recognized through receiving Energy Globe Award – the World Award for sustainability.
Intellectual property has been granted patent in the United States and is backed up with two additional patents currently in the final stage of the process in the US as well as in Australia.
Technology has had global exposure through several publications.
Testing and improvements are still ongoing.
But there is more that has to be done.
This project has been self funded and as a result is progressing slower than it could. The development of marketable products of this innovative technology is now dependent on external input.
A strong party is needed, one which can grasp the size of the project, have a global market presence aspiration and ability, to take it to the next level.
Hydrogen is very reactive element and does not exist in elementary form in natural environment of the Earth. It always comes in molecular arrangement of clusters. Stability of those clusters depends of stability of all elements included. Hydrogen is bonded with other elements not only as a single molecule bond but rather as oscillating clusters of molecules bonded together.
The substantial cooperative strengthening of the hydrogen bond is dependent on long range interactions and strength of each bond in the cluster, which encourages larger clusters formation for the same average bond density and potential.
Hydrogen isolation can be achieved by exposing it to high temperatures.
Plasma application presents ideal solution to overcome kinetic limitation through covering temperature enthalpy of the process. Low electrical conductivity of the medium has been converted in to high conductivity physical properties through plasma change of the state of the matter
Double Layer plasma mechanism isolate an unstable and highly reactive elementary atomic hydrogen in cluster, whose bond with other elements has been broken. Exposed atomic hydrogen proton will violently react with surrounding fast moving metal hydride lattice electron and forming additional neutron.
Mechanism results in to forming H2 Deuterium, which is one neutron heavier, and sheds excess binding energy to the lattice through beta decay. Pulsating plasma electromagnetic excitement allows process to continue with the electron capture and form H3 Tritium; H4 Quantium and ultimately Helium.
Each successive cascade and decay emit significant amount of excess heat energy and result in metal hydride surface transmutation through weak nuclear force isolated on nano-dimensional level.
Breaking one bond through exposing hydrogen medium cluster to excess heat bends and weakens bonds around. This additional exothermic reaction – highly energised emission, results in elevated atomic hydrogen isolation by syncing into molecular dipole frequency with resonating effect, where excessive breakage of surrounding cluster bonds is maintained in a runoff process.
Plasma charge ionising hydrogen medium and allowing low overall temperature of decomposing, through resonating bonds in the cluster with high energetic rate and resulting in more effective and substantially less energy demanding breakage of hydrogen bond. Process demonstrates over-unity comparing to electrolysis or steam reforming.
Unique scalable setup allowing exothermic effect of hydrogen in robust stainless steel enclosure with LENR evidence; Neutron capture and weak interactions explain the surface reactions and excess heat generation.
While Cirillo and Iorio had effect only on electrode, Hope Cell have it spread throughout the body of the cell on multiple rate – example of discovery of controlling, directing and magnification of the plasma in the cell strongly supporting water dislocation in anomalous over-unity quantity comparing to standard electrolysis. Plasma has been relocated away from initial plasma electrodes;
Burned mark on other side of the body showing plasma change of the state of the matter of the water and physical properties as result of it (water can burn)!