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Robert honored with Energy Globe Award – World Award for Sustainability PRAGUE 2009

Hydrogen is the most common element in the universe and there is compelling logic that leads us all to believe that surely this gas can provide an almost limitless source of energy for the world. However, chemical activity and the physical properties of hydrogen make its isolation a highly energy-intensive process.

Nearly all the hydrogen currently manufactured in the world is through the steam reforming of hydrocarbons, process that has low energy conversion efficiency and results to rapidly growing number of 8.8 billion tons of carbon being emitted annually – this is data from 2009 by Royal Society of Chemistry.

Necessity to heat the enormous catalyst inside the steam reformer to the high working temperature average of 800 degrees C, spends large amounts of energy in order to operate. 8.8 billion Tonnes of carbon emitted in the atmosphere are devastating result of the anticipated “clean energy” usage. We cannot seriously think of kick-starting Hydrogen Economy without addressing this first obstacle. – Excerpt from speech given on GREEN LEADERS SUMMIT 2013 –  Sydney, Australia

Summary

Plasma assisted hydrogen generation from water or natural gas; Projected to serve on-demand scalable stationary and mobile utilization with fuel cell, combustion and life support systems; Under highest energy efficiency employing LENR exothermic effect;

Hope Cell can be adapted to many existing devices and utilities which already consist of significant technical and capital input while minimizing need for grid or expensive hydrogen infrastructure, therefore bridging the gap of technology in transition from the 20th to the 21st century;

Transition from hydrocarbon fuels to hydrogen technological solutions

Hope Concept Carbon

ON SITE, OFF GRID HYDROGEN GENERATION IS TIPPED AS THE WINNER IN FUTURE MARKET TRENDS

The global hydrogen generation market value is expected to reach $138.2 billion by 2019, growing at a CAGR of 5.9%, from 2014 to 2019. How big part of the cake do you want?

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Market growth in the global hydrogen generation is driven by the need for adoption of cleaner fuel sources. Rapid rise in the industrial application of hydrogen gas as well as adopting fuel cell technology in variety of applications, from transport to military, personal power generation, etc. is expected to boost the global demand for hydrogen generation. Distribution and transportation challenge associated with hydrogen coupled with the high cost against fossil fuels may restrain growth in the global market for hydrogen generation. However, investments in transportation methods, storage methods, distribution and production methods are to propel the growth in the global hydrogen generation market. Rapid rise in adoption of green fuel solutions in the automobile industry augments growth in the global hydrogen generation market. Furthermore, convenient and versatile use of a hydrogen generation along with high operational reliability is expected to drive growth in the global hydrogen generation market in the future.

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Asia Pacific is estimated to be a key player in the growth of the global hydrogen generation market. The region’s pioneer in ammonia and refinery production capacity makes them one of the highest growing markets around the world. The on-site generation market is expected to hold the majority of market share and it is anticipated that the market is tipped to register the highest growth among other product types. Asia Pacific is followed by North America and Europe in terms of the market share in the global hydrogen generation market.

On-site and off- grid generation method of hydrogen eliminates or reduce problems associated with transportation and delivery of hydrogen. Furthermore, on-site generation also in significant proportion lowers the cost of hydrogen generation against traditional industrial cracking.

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We are offering partnership in Joint Venture for commercialization of established advanced scalable hydrogen generation technology that present variety of options, promising new era of healthy investment, and multiple positive returns on the long run.                                                                               June, 2015

Possible Applications

  • Plasma assisted hydrogen generation from water or natural gas, projected to serve on-demand scalable stationary and mobile utilization with fuel cell, combustion
  • Energy conservation of alternative energy sources – wind and solar, allowing grid-less energy generation in remote locations for on demand usage;
  • Waste-water bio-treatment; Waste to Energy; Radioactive water treatment and energy most efficient sea water desalination;
  • Carbon Sequestration in conjunction with Natural Gas as a medium for hydrogen generation;
  • Clean energy for heat, electricity and storage can become more affordable and accessible for a wider population in near future.
  • Underwater, space life support system – no nitrogen sickness
  • Source of Carbon atomic sot for Graphene – ‘wander’ material

hope-cell-shematic

SCALABLE CLEAN HYDROGEN GENERATION FROM NATURAL GAS – METHANE WITH CARBON SEQUESTRATION

It is possible, profitable and sustainable, to keep and open new Oil-Pro jobs while pursue Clean Energy Development. Multiple profits are widely available, especially for early entrants – visionary pioneers.

Applications: Wind, Solar Farm On-demand Energy; Personal Energy Station;  Submarine Fuel Cell Drive; Fuel Cell Cars On-board and Refiling Stations; Submarine, Space Station Life Support; Graphene Nanotechnology; Radioactive substance treatment; …

Natural Gas Option

The present invention relates to plasma decomposition of methane and other hydrocarbons for producing hydrogen through plasma reforming process using LENR exothermic effect.

SUMMARY OF THE DISCLOSURE

Excerpt from patent papers: ” An aspect of the invention is an improved apparatus and method for providing stable and controllable plasma for the purpose of generating hydrogen via plasma decomposition of hydrocarbon materials. Employing plasma, through proposed method and apparatus, as medium for changing state of the matter of the hydrocarbon enclosed in the vacuum, change physical properties of the cluster. Plasma electrical charge ionizes hydrocarbons and enables lower temperatures of hydrocarbon decomposition through resonating bonds in the cluster using hydrogen exothermic effect with a highly energetic rate and resulting in more effective breakage of hydrogen-carbon bond. This approach gives a number of advantages: lower energy consumption, higher energy efficiency in production, starting and stopping the decomposition process is close to instantaneous, user friendly control with possibility of instant variable output of the process, scalability of application, decomposition approaching 100% under optimal high pressure, low electrical conductivity of input hydrocarbon gas can be converted through plasma discharge in to high conductivity physical properties.

Methane US011 Certificate of Grant

A wide variety of hydrocarbon compounds can be used in plasma decomposition according to this invention where carbon, as the by-product is released in solid soot state and is easily removable and ready for usage in different applications or safe storage. Important characteristics of the process are simplification of the decomposition, no need for catalyst so no catalyst deactivation, scalable size, on demand usage, mobile equipment friendly and low cost applications.”

And just a observation: side effect – Atomic Carbon sot as a perfect source for graphene nanotechnology feedstock

 Brian Cox comment on Graphene potential in The Guardian in the article ‘Scientists aren’t priests of knowledge. They’re like plumbers’

Q- “There’s now shiny new graphene institute at Manchester University. You’ve been enthusiastic about the “wander material” – is there not a risk it’ll end up being an enormous anticlimax?”

A- “It is certainly true that potentially this material is revolutionary. So what do you do when faced with that? It was discovered in Manchester, it has the potential to be a multi-billion dollar, if not more, industry. If you sit there until someone else shows that you can replace silicon in integrated circuits with graphene, you’ve missed the boat.”

Published in Scientific Media  RESEARCH GATE  

One of the main problems associated with hydrogen production in hydrocarbon conversion process, from chemical point of view, is kinetic limitation. Low feasibility narrowing options of process for conventional thermal conversion. Most common production of hydrogen – Steam Reforming resulting with high energy consumption. Using special high-priced catalysts to attain reasonable productivity and equivalent equipment size without much scalability rate characterize this technology. The necessity to heat the catalyst to the high working temperature (aprox.800 0C) leads also to the problem of ‘cold start’ and restricting mobile applications.  Enormous energy waste in the process accompanied with production of over 8.8 billion tons* of carbon globally, are additional negative aspects of the process. Hydrogen basic physical properties ensure future wide usage as an energy source and carrier of high caloric value. Wide variety of applications can be adapted to hydrogen use as the source or medium of energy. Hydrogen is very reactive element and does not exist in elementary form in natural environment of the Earth. It always comes in molecular arrangement of clusters based on H2 dipole. Stability of those clusters depends of stability of all elements included. Hydrogen is bonded with other elements not only as single molecule bond but rather as oscillating clusters of molecules bonded together. Hydrogen bonds on photo and schematic                                                                                                                                                                              Hydrogen cluster image and schematic of it

The substantial cooperative strengthening of the hydrogen bonds is dependent on long range interactions and strength of each bond in the cluster, which encourages larger clusters formation for the same average bond density and potential.

Elements isolation can be achieved by exposing cluster to range of high temperatures. An unstable elementary hydrogen in cluster, whose bond with other elements has been broken when exposed to high temperatures, will tend to react with predominantly electrically opposite element in its proximity. In a vacuum environment it will form hydrogen molecule.

Breaking one bond, through exposing cluster to heat, generally weakens those around. If exposed to the oxygen environment, and accompanied with high temperature, hydrogen will violently react in combining with oxygen through combustion. This mechanism would define most common combustion in general, allowing for some untypical exceptions. Exothermic reaction further breaks the hydrogen bond with other elements of the cluster, exposes more hydrogen to run off combustion process.

If we take, for example, hydrocarbon case, different hydrocarbon bonds occur in various lengths and structures, comprise various additional elements as well. More complex hydrocarbon cluster can be broken to as many simple hydrocarbons and other components through exposing to different temperatures.

Reactivity of metal hydride with hydrogen is known and used in various applications.

The phenomenon of hydrogen embrittlement results from the formation of interstitial hydrides. Interstitial hydrides most commonly exist within metals or alloys more closely resembling common alloys. In such hydrides, hydrogen can exist as either atomic or diatomic entity. Mechanical or thermal processing, such as bending, striking, or annealing may cause the hydrogen to precipitate out of solution, by degassing. These systems are usually non-stoichiometric, with variable amounts of hydrogen atoms in the lattice. Hydrides of this type forms according to either one of two main mechanisms. The first mechanism involves the adsorption of dihydrogen, succeeded by the cleaving of the H-H bond, the delocalization of the hydrogen’s electrons, and finally, the diffusion of the protons into the metal lattice. The other main mechanism involves the electrolytic reduction of ionised hydrogen on the surface of the metal lattice, also followed by the diffusion of the protons into the lattice. The second mechanism is responsible for the observed temporary volume expansion of certain electrodes used in electrolytic experiments.

Those mechanisms does not have any typical side effects of an atomic reaction, supported by strong evidence of lattice transmutation through spectrometry readings, and can’t be considered as such.

Mechanism initiated through plasma treatment of hydrogen based cluster in presence of metal hydride lattice would present new moment in hydrogen embrittlement and is accompanied with exothermic reaction.

Hope Cell initial sea water test with LENR surface etching evidence; plasma relocation example

Hope Cell initial sea water test with LENR surface etching evidence; plasma relocation example

Practical example of hydrogen embrittlement through proposed mechanism in metal hydride lattice

Plasma is a highly – density source of energy, which covering process enthalpy and provide optimal temperature range to eliminate kinetic limitations of hydrogen isolation.

Low electrical conductivity of the medium has been converted in to high conductivity physical properties through interaction of plasma which resulting with change of the state of the matter.

Double Layer plasma mechanism isolate an unstable and highly reactive elementary atomic hydrogen H in cluster, whose bond with other elements has been broken. Exposed atomic hydrogen proton will violently react with surrounding fast moving metal hydride lattice electron and forming additional neutron through isolated but violent exothermic reaction. This additional exothermic reaction – highly energized emission, results in elevated atomic hydrogen isolation by syncing into molecular dipole frequency with resonating effect, where excessive breakage of surrounding cluster bonds is maintained in a run-off process. Breaking one bond, through exposing hydrogen medium cluster to excess heat, bends and weakens bonds around, and process is repeated in surrounding area of metal hydride lattice. Mechanism eventually results in forming of H2 Deuterium, which is one neutron heavier, and sheds excess binding energy to the lattice through beta decay, further resulting in nano-dimensional isolated transmutation of surface, with spectrometry detection of numerous new elements. Plasma electromagnetic excitement allows process to continue with the hydrogen proton capture in lattice. Each successive cascade and decay emit significant amount of excess heat energy and result in further isolated metal hydride surface lattice transmutation through this weak nuclear force.

Hydrogen latice penetration through double layer plasma formation

Schematic of Hydrogen embrittlement in metal hydride lattice and conditions of exothermal reaction mechanism LENR

Hydrogen based cluster decomposition through double layer plasma mechanism demonstrates a high specific productivity rate of decomposition comparing with steam reforming or partial oxidation processes.

Employing plasma, as a medium for changing state of the matter of the cluster, change its physical properties. Plasma electrical charge ionising hydrocarbon and allowing lower temperatures of decomposition from approximately 8000C in conventional steam reforming to approximately 1200C with plasma decomposing through resonating bonds in the cluster with high energetic rate. Process resulting in more effective and substantially less energy demanding breakage of hydrogen-carbon bond. Enthalpy of the mechanism covering wide range of temperatures where different hydrogen based clusters can be decomposed. Process demonstrates over-unity comparing to electrolysis or steam reforming and is proportionally reflected by lowering final price of the product.Hope Cell Double Layer Plasma Mechanism

This approach gives numeral advantages of: Lower energy consumption; Higher energy efficiency in production; Starting and stopping process of decomposition close to instantaneous; User friendly control with possibility of instant variable output of the process; Scalability of application; Decomposition approaching 100% under optimal high pressure; Wide variety of hydrogen based cluster compounds can be used in plasma decomposition through proposed method, where carbon, as the by-product is released in solid soot state – it is easy removable and ready for usage in different applications or safe storage. Important characteristic of the process are simplification of the decomposition; no need for catalyst so no catalyst deactivation; scalable size; on demand usage; mobile equipment friendly; low cost applications. Water decomposing would be most obvious application as well.

  magnyfied plasma thermoionic scatering under   720 Wh

Result of applying mechanism to sea water decomposition

Unique scalable setup allowing exothermic effect of hydrogen in robust stainless steel enclosure with LENR evidence; Neutron capture and weak interactions explain the surface reactions and excess heat generation. Hope Cell have surface interactions spread throughout the body of the cell on multiple rate – example of discovery of controlling, directing and magnification. Process strongly supporting water dislocation in anomalous over-unity quantity comparing to standard electrolysis. Burned mark on other side of the body showing plasma change of the state of the matter of the water and physical properties as result of it (water can burn)! Using surplus of wind, sun generated energy for conversion to hydrogen for readily available, on demand usage is another innovative example of converting hydrogen to medium or carrier of energy, allowing alternative sources to become mainstream as a major breakthrough in energy consumption. There are many more exciting possibilities.

* Source – Royal Society of Chemistry 2009

 

GLS 1

Robert presented Hope Cell Technology

Green Leaders Summit 2013 speech 

Excerpt from speech given on GREEN LEADERS SUMMIT 2013 –  Sydney, Australia

The world is now at a turning point in planning its energy provision for the future, as the industrial growth, and climate change effects of global warming have to be addressed.

There are schools of thought that picture a Hydrogen Economy based on combustion, while others see domination of fuel cells as the principal energy vector for the future.

Hydrogen powered cars are rolling out of production lines as we speak, where the combustion emission side effect is pure water.

Fuel cell technology which uses hydrogen in a clean electrochemical process to generate electricity is currently well advanced for stationary and mobile applications.

Hydrogen is the most common element in the universe and there is compelling logic that leads us all to believe that surely this gas can provide an almost limitless source of energy for the world.

However, chemical activity and the physical properties of hydrogen make its isolation a highly energy-intensive process.

Nearly all the hydrogen currently manufactured in the world is through the steam reforming of hydrocarbons, process that has low energy conversion efficiency and results to rapidly growing number of 8.8 billion tons of carbon being emitted annually – this is data from 2009 by Royal Society of Chemistry.

Air-Pollution

Necessity to heat the enormous catalyst inside the steam reformer to the high working temperature average of 8000C, spends large amounts of energy in order to operate.

8.8 billion Tonnes of carbon emitted in the atmosphere are devastating result of the anticipated “clean energy” usage.

We cannot seriously think of kick-starting Hydrogen Economy without addressing this first obstacle.

 

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