SCALABLE CLEAN HYDROGEN GENERATION FROM METHANE GAS WITH CARBON SEQUESTRATION
The present invention relates to plasma decomposition of methane and other hydrocarbons for producing hydrogen through plasma reforming process.
SUMMARY OF THE DISCLOSURE
Excerpt from patent papers: ” An aspect of the invention is an improved apparatus and method for providing stable and controllable plasma for the purpose of generating hydrogen via plasma decomposition of hydrocarbon materials. Employing plasma, through proposed method and apparatus, as medium for changing state of the matter of the hydrocarbon enclosed in the vacuum, change physical properties of the cluster. Plasma electrical charge ionizes hydrocarbons and enables lower temperatures of hydrocarbon decomposition through resonating bonds in the cluster using hydrogen exothermic effect with a highly energetic rate and resulting in more effective breakage of hydrogen-carbon bond. This approach gives a number of advantages: lower energy consumption, higher energy efficiency in production, starting and stopping the decomposition process is close to instantaneous, user-friendly control with possibility of instant variable output of the process, scalability of application, decomposition approaching 100% under optimal high pressure, low electrical conductivity of input hydrocarbon gas can be converted through plasma discharge into high conductivity physical properties.
A wide variety of hydrocarbon compounds can be used in plasma decomposition according to this invention where carbon, as the by-product is released in solid soot state and is easily removable and ready for usage in different applications or safe storage. Important characteristics of the process are simplification of the decomposition, no need for catalyst so no catalyst deactivation, scalable size, on-demand usage, mobile equipment friendly and low-cost applications.”
And just an observation: side effect – Atomic Carbon sot as a perfect source for graphene nanotechnology feedstock